Logic programming is a programming paradigm that is based on formal logic in a major part. Any program developed in a logic programming language is a series of logically formed phrases describing facts and rules about a certain issue area. Prologue, answer set programming (ASP), and Datalog is three of the most popular logic programming languages.

Logic programming is a branch of computer programming that employs formal logic rules. In some ways, logic programming is the application of mathematical equations and other logical constructs to produce programming results.

One of these is functional programming, in which programming languages use modular functions to drive programming outputs rather than logical lists. Object-oriented programming is another new innovation, in which a computer programming language organizes its rules and operations by recognizing a set of virtual objects.

**Definition:**

Logic programming is a style of computer programming in which program statements use a formal logic framework to express facts and rules about situations. For instance, “H” true if B1, B2, and B3 are true” is stated as a logical clause with a head and a body. For example, “H is true” is a fact expressed in the same way as rules but without a body.

Some logic programming languages, such as Datalog and ASP, are completely declarative (Answer Set Programming). They allow for suggestions on what the program should accomplish without providing specific step-by-step instructions on how to accomplish it. Others, such as Prolog, combine declarative and imperative programming techniques.

The programmer must offer the computer instructions on how to make judgments using mathematical reasoning. Such as the use of a mathematical algorithm, in logical programming. Computer programs are made up of code that instructs the computer on how to perform certain tasks. However, at some point, the computer will be forced to make a decision on how to proceed. And without that information, it will be unable to accomplish its current task. Logic programming addresses these issues and provides instructions to the computer so that it may make a “logical” judgment about how to respond to a given circumstance.

**Benefits of Learning Programming:**

Computer code is the world’s universal language. People that know how to code will be able to communicate across countries and cultures. Be more innovative, and solve issues more quickly than those who do not. Learning to program at an early age will assist your children in solving common difficulties and preparing them for a lifetime of chances.

Many schools around the world began incorporating a computer programming skills portion into the school day during the Year of Code. This sort of schooling enables children to understand the fundamentals of computer operation. Kids can feel proud of themselves if they can get a computer to accomplish what they want. This foundation can prepare children for a lifetime of successful technology use and management in their daily lives.

The ability to articulate your thoughts in a systematic and logical manner is known as computational thinking. This type of mental process is similar to how a computer follows step-by-step instructions. It’s also the methodical process of generating and solving problems that could be repeat by a machine. This way of thinking is use by software engineers, computer programmers, and logistics specialists to solve challenges. Advanced mathematics, algorithm development, and reasoning are all part of computational thinking. Consider a problem and break it down into single-action stages in order to develop computational thinking. Each of these steps is carry out in the most efficient manner possible.

**Other Benefits:**

In order to compete in the future employment market, the current generation of children will need to be technologically literate. It will be akin to not knowing how to read if you don’t know how to code. The majority of employment necessitates basic IT skills, and even retail and also fast food jobs necessitate the use of technology and computers. In the current market, coding professionals are well-paid and in high demand, and chances for these competent workers will grow in the future.

Children’s minds are flexible and imaginative, allowing them to think outside the box. The practically limitless possibilities for coding and problem solving might motivate children to develop. You can demonstrate to your child that coding is similar to storytelling. The store and the program have a logical beginning, progression, and conclusion. These abilities can help students succeed in school by preparing them for written and oral communication, and happily, the introduction of IT basics in primary schools is becoming more prevalent.

**Why Logic Programming?**

A theorem-prover is computer software that is use to solve theorems, which are mathematical claims. Theorems are assertions that can be prove true by examining prior statements. To arrive at conclusions in logical programming, the theorem-prover collaborates with the computer programmer’s words. If the code says A is equal to B and B is equal to C, the theorem-prover will deduce that A must be equal to C.

To make logical programming work, the programmer just needs to make sure her statements are correct, and the theorem-inventor prover needs to make sure the program can read statements and make the most efficient judgments based on them. A computer operating “logically” is define as the ability to make an efficient decision. In practice, the two domains of labor intersect, and logical programmers must frequently update and manipulate code based on how the theorem-prover operates in order to obtain the desired results. Simply entering accurate information about how to make a specific decision may not be enough to get the computer to do the job.

**Usage:**

Logic programming is a specific technique to programming. Imperative programming and logic programming are two other paradigms we may relate it to. The distinctions aren’t always clear—a functional language, for example, may have imperative aspects—but the attitude of various paradigms impacts how we create and reason about programs.

Backward reasoning determines an and-or tree, which constitutes the search area for solving the goal, in the simplified, propositional case where a logic program and a top-level atomic objective include no variables. The root of the tree is the top-level goal. There are a set of child nodes corresponding to the sub-goals in the body of the clause for any node in the tree and any clause whose head matches the node. By using a “and,” these child nodes are group together. An “or” connects the alternate sets of children that correspond to different approaches of solving the node.

The controll deduction can be consider as logic programming. The separation of programs into their logic and control components is an important idea in logic programming. The logic component alone defines the solutions provided in pure logic programming languages. A logic program’s control component can be change to give several means of executing it. The tagline encapsulates this idea.

Algorithm = Logic Plus Control, where “Logic” is a logic program and “Control” is a variety of theorem-proving procedures.

**Conclusion:**

Backward reasoning is also require for logical programming to work. Backward reasoning involves the computer looking at a set of data and working backward from generally known statements to arrive at more sophisticated conclusions. The software may recognize that two pieces of information are correct. And it will assume that because those two pieces of information are correct. The third item of information is correct as well. It repeats this procedure until it comes to a logical conclusion based on the data provided.

See also UI/ UX designers.